Since there is still controversy among researchers regarding migraine causes – stress, various foods, sleep disruptions – it’s no surprise that among the candidates, one was the connection between migraines and weather. However, it may not be as cut and dried as some migraineurs believe.
In a study by The American Headache Society, it was seen that although roughly half of those with migraines thought that they were the result of certain weather conditions, most of them were incorrect. Some thought that they could predict what type of weather caused their attacks, but it turned out that the only constant was change. Even though some migraines do manifest themselves during bouts of high temperatures or lower barometric pressure, it appears that it was actually the rapid changes in the weather conditions that brought on the migraines.
Understandably, this is a very disturbing idea for those who suffer from migraine headaches. They can control their diets to avoid suspected food triggers and get more sleep to avoid fatigue as a possible cause, but what can anyone do about changes in weather? Well, fortunately, it’s not all bad news; by monitoring the weather, the migraine sufferer can develop their own “early-warning system” which can give them advanced notice to prepare with medications or changes in schedules to deal with what is coming and possibly even shorten the episode. The problem is in determining which changing weather factors can bring on a migraine; temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed, humidity, ion concentrations and even air quality all need to be considered.
It’s not that migraineurs have any supernatural weather-sensing abilities; it’s just that in some regards their brains are much more sensitive to fluctuations. It may be changes in weather or in hormone levels or in sleep patterns, but where these changes might not be noticed by most people; those who are prone to migraine sense them and react.
We now know that weather related migraines are not just something theorized by sufferers of this malady. There is a correlation and researchers are looking to learn even more in an effort to ease the pain of those who suffer from migraine headaches.